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serious defects in ordinary polarised electrolytic capacitors (wet type,
serious defects in ordinary polarised electrolytic capacitors (wet type,
However, they have two serious defects.
First, having no definite means for providing a cathode electrode with a lead wire, a large amount of nonlinear distortion (noise) is generated from an electrolyte and structural parts. This is because a signal is led out through the electrolyte which is impregnated in a separator and is 20,000 times as thick as the aluminum oxide film.
Second, a part of signal is emitted outside since a cathode electrode is dare to adopt a structure without any oxide film (a polarised structure) avoiding breaking down of the cathode electrode by striking of direct current ions.
In electrolytic capacitors of the dry type, fundamentally, only a polarised structure can be produced. Therefore, every wet and dry type of ordinary electrolytic capacitors have been seriously affecting circuits from the beginning.
up of The Transcendence Election Transfer based on the tunnel effect.
Therefore, Jelmax introduced into the third element, separator conductive line particles, which are 100,000 times as much as ordinary against common knowledge that the separator must be highly pure based on an unreasonable custom-It was exactly the remarkable feat that we achieved. The tunnel effect has happened in the separator that is an unexpected great change. With this tunnel effect, electrons are separated from ions and are transferred turning their transmission type from ion transfer to The Transcendence Electron Transfer at ultra high speed. With respect to frequency characteristics, 10GHz have been achieved which are 100,000 times as high as that of conventional capacitors-
Ordinarily, when the electrons flow through common conductors such as an electrolyte, a manganese dioxide, an organic semiconductor and so on, non-linear distortions generate corresponding to each conductor (average -100db) as shown in Figure 1 which indicates distortion characteristics. However, in the case of Black Gate, the distortion showed such a surprising low value (-174db) as if no electrons flew. The distortion noise was almost zero. Taking the results into consideration, electrons must have jumped over the separator by the tunnel effect. As a matter of course, no heat generation of conducting material took place. The shortcoming that the life is short and that is peculiar to an ordinary electrolytic capacitor has completely disappeared too.
Since there is very few obstacles in a path along which the electrons flow, the power transmission efficiency increases by five times as high as that of conventional capacitors Moreover, the structure of the Black Gate is non-polarised, so it makes the above efficiency even higher than that of an ordinary polarised electrolytic capacitors with only a single pole as shown in Figure 2.
Breakdown of the cathode oxide film was completely ceased by The TranscendenceElectron Transfer. At last a definitely non-polarised capacitor has been completed which has been desired all over the world - as described, the ion transfer has disappeared and the movement of ions has been stopped by The Transcendence Electron Transfer. The cathode electrode is created which has the same structure as the anode electrode and which has a symmetric structure with respect to the electric operation as shown in Figure 3A. The distance S between the electrodes becomes substantially zero due to the tunnel effect. Therefore, as shown in Figure 3B, the capacitor is definitely non-polarised and its dielectric has the same property as a sapphire. Finally, a long awaited sapphire capacitor has been thus realised for the first time in the world. As expected, property of the capacitor is superior to all the capacitors including a film capacitor, a ceramic capacitor, a tantalum capacitor, an organic semiconductor capacitor and others.
list of cathode electrode formation voltage for the whole Black Gate products
difficult problem: influence of internal resonance
As the impedance and E.S.R. characteristic curves D and E in Figure 5 shows, the BG-N (100v 2200µF) has a resonance point around 35KHz. With this as the turning point, the impedance and E.S.R. Increase as the frequency increases, causing the function of capacitor to stop. Also, at the-resonance point, the phase of the internal current changes drastically from negative to positive. That Is to say, the band above the resonance point is an imaginary part in any electronics product, if signals enter in this band, the impedance and phase change. Engineers design and make products without giving much consideration to this fact. Even if they are aware of this, there has been no effective remedial means of remedying this.
resonance frequency by using the characteristics of Black Gate-N
Figure 6 shows how this works. Two non-polarised capacitors BG-N C, and C: have their respective inner capacities CN1 and CN2 equivalent series resistance E.S.R elements RS1 and RS2 very small inductance's L1 and L2 resulting from the internal electrode foil roll, and resonance frequencies each other Inductance's L1 and L2 generate magnetic fluxes m1 and m2 Since both electrodes of BG-Ns of the same specifications are the same and symmetric in mechanism and size, with their rolls start and end at the same positions. Suppose signal o is applied to a pair of the same BG-Ns corrected in parallel. If magnetic fluxes m1 and m2 are in such a relation that they are canceled with each other as shown in the figure, the total resonance frequency disappears in load ZL. The pair of the BG-Ns leaves nothing but CN1 and CN2, serving as an ideal capacitor allowing the Impedance and E.S.R to lower infinitely as the frequency increases. This can be attained only by the BG-N Pair. Hence itís naming of "Super E-Caps".
This is also shown in Figure 5 In the BG-N Pair, the capacity is twice as large as and the E.S.R. is half as small as those of a single BG-N. In addition, as a result of the elimination of resonance frequency, the impedance and E.S.R. lower infinitely as the frequency increases
to show the starting and ending positions of a foil roll
power supply circuits using Super E-Caps
Figure 9 is a parallel L-Cancel Pair power supply circuit diagram just shown in Figure 6 'principle of BG-N pair Super E-Caps'. The alternating voltage or the secondary side is rectified, causing DC output to be generated at BG-N C1 and C2 and also 12V DC output to be generated at BG-N C3 and C4 on the output side of The stabilisation circuit T1. When an alternating supply on the secondary side is to be given as intermittent high frequency pulse voltage it is a switching power supply and its applications are numerous. This type of circuit can keep the level of residual ripple-noise down to several mV. The BG-N permits making the world's first completely noiseless switching power supply.
of high voltage Super E-Caps and application to a direct power source rectifier
A method widely supported for obtaining such a direct current applied to a load Z11 from a commercial power source is using a circuit as shown in Figure 10 which is recognised as the standard for a capacitor input type.
Taking above situation into consideration, Jelmax has succeeded in the development of a high voltage, non polarised Black Gate Super E-Caps BG-NH which can be operated over 100v to 350v corresponding to commercial power source voltage all over the world in addition to low voltage Super E-Caps of below 100v which is already developed by Jelmax.
In the first step, a non-polarised Black Gate was developed having completely symmetrical characteristics even in a high frequency band using a pair of equal electrodes and a newly developed separator.
In the second step, a pair of the non-polarised Black Gate capacitor were arranged in Super E-Caps connection so that an unconventional high voltage Super E-Caps is created which operates even In GHz band with ideal characteristics. At this moment, a complete noiseless operation has been achieved at every voltage and in every frequency band. Thus, completely noise-less direct current can be supplied to the load Z12 for the first time as shown in Figure 11.
Moreover, Super E-Caps eliminates the internal resonance which has been unavoidable by all the conventional capacitors - As a result, even the problem that a pulse time interval is changed while a digital signal passes through a power source is now solved at the same time. This also means that an ideal power source has been completed for the first time in the world. See USP 5,379,181 issued on January 3 1995.
In summary above, the main features of Super-E Caps are as follows:
use of Super E-Caps than for the power source
For an AC grounding in such circuit having IC potentials as cathode, emitter and decoupling by-pass circuit, the best grounding effect can be realised. For these purposes, parallel L canceled pair connection is most effective.
In audio and video frequency band or even in HF gigahertz band, it shows various advantages which ceramic or mica capacitors do not have, thus makes the S/N improve. Its application into the feedback loop of negative feedback amplifier (NF amplifier), eliminates phase change and makes amplifier highly stable.
By applying Super E-Caps to an oscillating loop of C-R oscillation circuit, oscillation of very low band frequency with low distortion oscillated signal is generated. By applying Super E-Caps to a frequency discriminator of FM receiver, a high fidelity detector is realised which has never been provided before
Moreover, by applying Super F-caps to a phase detector of a colour TV set, a Hi-Fi TV is realised having a colour tone of extremely high purity and stable characteristics. Thus, Super F-caps opens new world to high performance electronics one after another which are far beyond the limit of conventional capacitor and allows us to have limitless expectation
Super E-Caps means
USP 5,379,181 recently granted on the invention of Back Gate Super E-Caps means that those obstacle elements are all removed and that all the components have reached the highest quality. Electronic devices have, thus, made a revolutionary improvement for the first time.
With the opening of the 21st century is just around the corner, high quality devices using a digital transmission, multimedia systems and many other proposals are made in the worldwide bases. The electronic industry is expected to make progress which has never been attained. The invention of our Super E-caps is just timely granted because it can be applied to those devices and systems.
We firmly believe that the invention is a sole technology which is able to meet world-wide expectation in every field. We also believe that no other new technology will be able to substitute this pioneer invention using the combination of natural cellulose fibre and two elements of aluminum and graphite in coming 100 years
of Super E-Caps in electronic equipment
It has been common that even when a product delivers performance which is far less than expected, the maker continues designing and manufacturing equipment without thinking that the electrolytic capacitors used are the cause of the unsatisfactory performance.
Thanks to our product promotional activities, however, equipment makers employing the Black Gate have been increasing in number. In the area of CD players and DAC systems conducting digital signal, as the inventor companies completely switched to the use of the Black Gate, it has been attaining the dominating position. Its use in audio and communications equipment has also been spreading at home and abroad. It has become to be used in HDTV sets.
In the area of computers, the largest digital signal equipment, among others, it is absolutely necessary to provide very low-noise power supplies to meet the coming wave of very high-speed, very high-density capabilities. However, the existing switching power supplies, DC-DC converters and other driving power supplies are a hindrance because of their unsolvable noise problem. We believe that noiseless power supplies using the Super E-Caps would be a great boom to the world electronics market, bringing a revolutionary improvement to all electronic equipment involving digital signal processing.
The time required for this process varies widely with the capacity, voltage and signal level a total of about 30 hours is the standard level.
Once this process of idling is completed. The effect continues as long as the capacitor Is kept at the same place and the operating environment does not undergo a substantial change The effect of idling has been proved with all types of electronic equipment - analogue, digital, high-frequency and other devices.
It must be noted that idling is different from ageing, which applies a direct current voltage without giving signals.